A-Z Entries

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
Begin with Contains Exact termSounds like

Glossaries

Term Definition
Abu dhar al-Ghifari

Abu dhar al-Ghifari was among the first (the 4th Muslim) to convert to Islam and also among the early true companions to the Prophet (pbuh), and later a supporter and follower of Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.), as the rightful successor of the holy Prophet (Madelung 141). Prophet Muhammad had described Abu dhar as exceptionally truthful and his way of life very similar to that of Jesus Christ (pbuh). Abu dhar is famous for his serious and fearless objections against the lavish and extravagant lifestyle of Uthman ibn Affan, which at last earned him his exile first to Syria and then to Rabadha desert, where he died in 562 A. D. (Lalani 26).

Adhan (Prayer call)

"The adhan along with its abridged accompaniment, the iqama, is an oral rite linked to mosques, daily prayer, sacred identity, and birth rites. The adhan and the iqamah are usually called outside and inside mosques, respectively: The former signals prayer times, and the latter the beginning of congregational prayer…. Finally, the adhan is chanted into the right ear of a newborn and the iqama into the left ear" (EIMW 13).

Ahl al-Bayt

Literally, the term Ahl al-Bayt means "the people of the household." According to the Exalted Quran, the Holy Prophet's Ahl al-Bayt are thoroughly purified (33:33).  In Shia view, supported by great many traditions, Ahl al-Bayt refers "principally, to the Prophet and his immediate family that is Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain [pbut]… and extending to all the Imams" (DSI 222). On the account of a well-known tradition (Thaghalain tradition), the Shia hold that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has left two precious things for the Muslims by which to reach eternal felicity; the one being the Holy Quran and the other his Ahl al-Bayt.

Al-Mizan Exegesis

One of the most comprehensive and reliable Shia interpretations of Quran authored by Allameh Tabataba'i (1903-1981) the prominent Iranian Islamic scholar and philosopher.

Allah o Akbar

Allah o Akbar is of the most important Islamic mottos and means "God is the greatest." At times of ease, misfortune, victory, or defeat, it is articulated to seek a spiritual communion and assurance from the Gracious God. Quite suspiciously, nowadays terrorist groups use this phrase during their acts of violence.

Allameh Tabataba'i

Sayyid Mohammad Hossein Tabataba'i aka Allameh Tabataba'i (1903-1981) was a prominent contemporary Quranic exegetist, philosopher, thinker, and Islamic leader. He authored "Tafsir al-Mizan" and "The Principles of Philosophy and the Method of Realism" among other works.

Ashoora

Ashoora is the day of martyrdom of Imam Hussain (a.s.), the justice-seeking grandson of the Prophet (pbuh). Muslims annually commemorate his martyrdom to renew their faith with his sublime ideals. Shia consider Ashoora the most tragic point in history.

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
Begin with Contains Exact termSounds like