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Glossaries

Term Definition
Sahifa Sajjadiyya

Sahifa Sajjadiyya is a series of supplication attributed to Imam Zaynul Abideen (a.s.), also known as Imam Sajjad, the fourth Imam of Shia. Due to the hard and tumultuous political climate following the martyrdom of Imam Sajjad's father, Imam Hussain (a.s.) and consequently the almost impossibility of open leadership of the Muslim community, Imam Sajjad through supplicatory texts successfully attempted to communicate Islamic teachings to the people.  Sahifa Sajjadiyya is known for its eloquence of style and magnificence of content.

Salman Farsi

The first Persian who converted to Islam, Salman Farsi, or Salman the Persian "was born Zoroastrian, then was attracted to Christianity. He was sold to a Jew of the Banu Qurayzah but became a Muslim when he was ransomed by the Prophet" (Adamec 276-77). Famously, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) "counted Salman as a member of his own household, the ahl al-bayt, the point which makes Salman a prominent figure in Persian Shi'a discourse" (Phyllis 761).

Sham e Qariban

Shame ghariban ("the night of the strangers") refers to the night following the day of Ashoora in which the bereaved members and companions of the Holy Prophet's grandson, Imam Hussain (a.s.), fatigued and hungry started their journey towards the City of Sham.

Shia

Literally, the word Shia means follower. However, in the Muslim world it is used specifically to refer to a group of Muslims holding that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) after his death, through divine order, has designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as the Imam and Wali of the Muslim community. The Shias believe that, through divine order again, after Imam Ali his progeny would continue the Imamate up to Imam Mahdi (a.s.) (the 12th Imam), who is in a state of occultation and with his return the reign of universal justice will start. Although in some theological and jurisprudential issues there are some difference between the Shias and their Sunni brothers, on the whole there is complete agreement on the principals of Islam. Today, the Shia population is mainly located in Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Syria, Yemen, Kashmeer, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, etc. It is important to note that, except in Iran where they constitute the majority, the Shias in most of the said countries, live under both state and foreign pressures and limitations.

Shrine

The burial place and holy shrine of the Prophet (pbuh), Imams (a.s.), and the righteous.

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