Ziyarat

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Ziyarat

In Shia Islam, ziyarat is the act of visiting or making pilgrimage to the tombs Imams (pbuh). The burial places of Imams "are focal points of baraka (blessing and grace) where communications between humans and the divine are believed to be especially effective" (EI 722). The most important shrines for the Shia are the shrine of Prophet Muhammad (a.s.) in Medina and those of the Imams (pbuh):  Ali ibn abi talib in Najaf (Iraq), Hossain ibn Ali in Karbala, the Kazimayn (the seventh and ninth Imams Musa al-Kazim and Muhammad al-Taqi) in a north Baghdad suburb, Ali al-Hadi and Hasan al-Askari (the10th and 11th Imams) in Samarra (Iraq), al-Rida (or Reza, the eighth Imam) in Mashhad (Iran), and the holy shrine of his sister, Fatima Masoume (God's blessings to her) in Qom (Iran); the shrine of Sayyida  Zaynab (God's blessings to her), the daughter of Imam Ali and the granddaughter of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is also an important ziyarat sites for the Shia Muslims.

Synonyms: pilgrimage
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